Earth, sky, wind, water and fire, these five are main elements in the universe. From the ancient time it is believed that everything in the universe has been created out of these five elements. Fire is considered as an element for purification and it is also scientifically proven. That is why in most Hindu rituals are considered incomplete without fire. It could be something as simple as lighting an incense stick or a diya or it could be something as major as doing a Havan. It is also known as Homan, Yagya or Agnihotra. The word Havan is a sanskrit word, which means a ritual wherein the devotees make offerings to the fire (that is considered as God in Hinduism) as a primary action. It is believed that fire is quite holy sacred and sacrosanct. At the same time, it is a symbol of divine presence in the universe.

The Havan has a lot of divine as well as scientific benefits. It helps in preventing infectious diseases in environment. At the same time, gives peace of mind, purify the atmosphere, offer our prayers to beloved deities and convert negative energies into positive ones. Last but not least, it also ensures good health. As we stated above, the Havan is one of the most important rituals that is why it is performed in every possible occasions. For example when we are born and our name is chosen, during wedding, purchasing and moving into a new property, from getting rid of bad health, someone’s death as purification process and many more.

The procedure of Havan puja vidhi starts from preparing a havan kund, which is the center point in any Havan wherein the fire is lit and the offerings are made. Apart from this, we need samagri for this, which includes ghee, incense sticks, lamps, camphor, kumkum and wood (especially mango tree wood and sandalwood). The pieces should be dry and cut into sizes that perfectly fit the kund. All devotees sit around the Havan Kund. The pandit or the main devotee holds a long wooden spoon to pour in the ghee, one spoon at a time.